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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-13

Fluid resuscitation in trauma and critical care : Current guidelines

1 Classified Spi (Anaesthesiology & Neuroanesthesia), INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, India
2 Senior Advisor (Anaesthesiology & Cardio-thoracic Anaesthesia), INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, India
3 Senior Advisor (Anaesthesiology), INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Yadav
Classified Spi (Anaesthesiology & Neuroanesthesia), INHS Asvini, Colaba, Mumbai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-3605.203331

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Outcome data on fluid therapy in trauma and critically ill patients suggests a direct correlation between positive fluid balance and increased mortality. Randomised-controlled trials over the past decade comparing the effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) preparations and crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically illpatients have demonstrated an increased mortality and use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) associated with HES solutions. Balanced salt solutions have shown promise as initial resuscitation fluids, though there is not enough clinical data regarding their comparative safety and efficacy.

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