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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Patient setup variations in computed tomography-based treatment planning for left-sided breast cancer using electronic portal images

Department of Radiation Oncology, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Surg Cdr Sachin Taneja
Department of Radiation Oncology, INHS Asvini, Institute of Naval, Medicine, Colaba, Mumbai - 400 005, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_70_19

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Background and Aim: This study deals with isocentric variations along with the setup reproducibility and determines the random and systematic errors in a cohort of 25 (females) left-sided breast cancer patients treated with megavoltage X-rays using an online electronic portal imaging (EPI) protocol. Materials and Methods: This is a hospital-based cross-sectional observational study which was carried out on 25 female patients of carcinoma breast (left sided) who had undergone modified radical mastectomy. After completion of the planned chemotherapy, all patients underwent virtual three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) simulation, and an external beam radiotherapy treatment was planned on these 3D CT images on a treatment planning system (TPS) using two (coplanar)/conventional tangential fields for a total dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions. Analysis of 150 EPIs determined changes in the treatment fields during setup of these 25 patients. The online assessment included setup deviations in all the three directions (anteroposterior [AP], superoinferior [SI], and mediolateral [ML]) and variations in central lung distance (CLD) during the first three fractions. Results: Random errors ranged from 1 to 5 mm for the chest wall (medial and lateral) tangential treatments and 1 mm for the anterior supraclavicular nodal field. Systematic errors ranged from 2.5 to 4.5 mm in the AP direction for the tangential fields and from 2.5 to 7.5 mm in the SI and Mediolateral directions for the anterior supraclavicular nodal field. For 25 (left-sided) patients, the CLD (TPS) was 20–30 mm, CLD (EPIs) was 25–40 mm showing variations of 5–10 mm, V20 was 1.0–6.0 Gy, maximum total lung dose was 43 Gy, V30 was 2.0–4.0 Gy, maximum heart dose was 52 Gy, and maximum spine dose was 45 Gy. Conclusions: Online assessment of patient position with matching of EPIs with digitally reconstructed radiographs is a useful method in evaluation of interfraction reproducibility of tangential fields in breast irradiation, thereby improving upon the quality of treatment delivery for our patient population.

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