• Users Online: 247
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 164-170

Comparison of USG-Guided gastric volume at 1 h and 2 h of giving clear fluids for elective pediatric surgeries and its effect on postoperative nausea and vomiting

1 Fellow Paediatric Anaesthesia, Rainbow Children Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Associate Professor and Consultant, Department of Anaesthesiology, Rainbow Children Hospital, Bangalore, India
3 Prof and Classified Specialist, Officer Commanding SHO Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
5 Graded Specialist, Department of Aviation Medicine, AFMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Major (Dr) Sandhya Ghodke
Department of Anaesthesiology, Rainbow Children's Hospital, Marathahalli, Bengaluru, Karnataka
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_17_22

Rights and Permissions

Background: Preoperative fasting is a universally followed principle in patients undergoing elective surgeries to minimize the risk of pulmonary aspiration. Objectives: The main objective is to compare ultrasound (US)-guided gastric volume after encouraging clear fluids till 1 h and 2 h preoperatively. Methodology: We carried out a prospective observational study in a multispecialty children's hospital, wherein pediatric patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I and ASA II physical status undergoing elective surgeries and between the age group of 2 and 10 years were enrolled in the study on sample size of 60. The study tool used was US Mindray machine with a linear probe of frequency 10–12 hertz. The study was approved by hospital ethical committee. Those patients who could take clear fluids 3 ml/kg 2 h prior to surgery as per standard guidelines were placed in Group A and those who received 3 ml/kg of clear fluids till 1 h before surgery placed in Group B. US assessment of gastric volume was done in the preoperative area. Results: There is no significant difference in gastric volumes and antral cross-sectional area in both the groups. There is no significant increase in incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in Group B where clear fluids were encouraged till 1 h prior to surgery. Conclusion: According to the study, we can conclude that clear fluids can be encouraged till 1 h preoperatively in pediatric patients undergoing elective surgeries.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded73    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal