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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 18-24

Psychological effects of COVID 19 pandemic on nurses deployed in high risk units: A multicentre observational study

1 Department of Psychiatry, Military Hospital Bareilly, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Director, Institute of Naval Medicine and Professor in Psychiatry, INHS, Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Medicine, Military Hospital Bareilly, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, East Kent Hospital University, Kent, UK

Correspondence Address:
Lt Col (Dr) Rashmi Chakraborty
Department of Psychiatry, Military Hospital Bareilly, Western Wing, Civil Lines, Bareilly - 243 001, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_101_21

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Introduction: Novel coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic continues to rage the world with enormous economic loss, sickness, and deaths. In management of infectious diseases, nurses play crucial roles in rendering care to patients by risking their own lives, going beyond their training and capacities. Frontline nurses are vulnerable for the development of diagnosable and subclinical psychological problems most often triggered with deaths of colleagues, exposure to the mass scale of deaths, perceived inability to save lives despite best efforts, lack of social supports, shift duties, and working in high-risk environment. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the depression, anxiety, and stress among nurses working in COVID wards versus non-COVID wards. Materials and Methods: A multicenter observational study was done among 176 frontline nurses from seven different referral government hospitals. Psychological ailments were measured on validated instruments of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-42 items (DASS-42) and Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10). Results: Using SPSS version 23.0, data were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test, with P < 0.055 being considered statistically significant. On PSS, perceived stress was high in 75% of COVID ward nurses and 67% of non-COVID ward ones. On DASS-42 scale, depression, anxiety, and stress levels among nurses in the COVID-19 wards were 21.64% (n = 21), 32.98% (n = 32), and 20.61% (n = 20) compared to 17.72% (n = 14), 24.05% (n = 19), and 15.18%, (n = 12) in the non-COVID wards, respectively. Conclusions: The amount of reported stress, anxiety, and depression was higher in both groups of nurses, i.e., those working in COVID-19 wards and general wards as compared to general population.

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