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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 83-89

Study of Prevalence of Lifestyle Diseases and Comparison of their Risk Factors among Serving Personnel of Army

1 Officer Commanding Station Health Organisation Jalandhar Cantt, Comdt Base Hospital, Tezpur, Assam, India
2 Public Health Department, Station Health Organisation Jalandhar Cantt, Comdt Base Hospital, Tezpur, Assam, India
3 MD Community Medicine, Senior Advisor & Colonel Health Southern Command, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
(Dr) Tripti Agrawal
Officer Commanding Station Health Organisation, Jalandhar Cantt, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmms.jmms_71_20

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Introduction: Lifestyle diseases have multifactorial causation risk factors. Armed forces personnel although constitute healthier sections of society but are not spared from prevalent pandemic of lifestyle diseases in country. This research aims to study the prevalence of lifestyle disease to highlight the importance of keeping suitable preventive measures in place to control the epidemic of lifestyle diseases among the middle-aged army personnel. Materials and Methods: The study is a cross-sectional community-based epidemiological design of 2956 armed forces personnel, aged 35 years and above, selected by multistage random sampling. Data were collected on pretested open-ended questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test, unpaired t-test, and multiple logistic regression techniques. Results: The study revealed that consistent statistically significant association between major sociodemographic, potential behavioral, and clinical risk factors of lifestyle diseases, especially dietary risk factors, namely snacking in between meals, consumption of energy-dense foods, physical inactivity among tradesman, cooks, clerks contributing to higher prevalence of lifestyle diseases among them. The study indicates that the prevalence of overweight and prehypertensive among study sample is suggestive of alarming proportions. Conclusion: Multi-cross-sectoral-integrated strategies for provisioning of comprehensive health-care and strengthening surveillance mechanism pertaining to prevention and control of lifestyle diseases are the need of the hour. Genuine dietary modifications; improving cooking practices; sustained efforts to be physical active, stringent mechanisms to ensure definite working hours, minimize work-related stress; institutional checks on tobacco, alcohol, substance abuse; screening for lifestyle disease risk factors; addressing common risk factors are desirable lifestyle interventions.

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